Which method is right for your context? 

We live in a constantly changing, complex environment which presents new challenges for congregations.  While no one form of the church is superior over other forms, the circumstances, cultural norms, needs, resources, and the leading of God will determine which form may be most effective in a given situation.  Review the congregational types below to determine which type is right for you and for the people group that you are called to reach at this time.



Soma 1


Soma 2

Cell  Celebration

   Soma 3 Organic

FACILITIES Dedicated facilities with worship, training and programming occurring on site; rented or owned by church Dedicated facilities for worship while training, fellowship, and ministry occur in cells or small groups in homes; rented or owned by church No facility for large group gatherings; uses homes, public venues, or outdoor settings
FINANCES Significant financing required to sustain facilities, paid staff, programming, ministries Lower financing possible due to reduced facilities needs and increased level of ministry by cell pastors No financing required to start or sustain the church
STAFF Employed staff; staff-led ministries; full-time or part-time Some employed staff; most ministry by cell church pastors at cell/small group level Ministers recognized but generally not paid; ministry by the congregation
STATUS Formally organized:  constituted, incorporated, recognized by IRS Formally organized:  constituted, incorporated, recognized by IRS Informally organized:  not incorporated or recognized by IRS
Low:  due to high level of financial & leadership needs Moderate: due to ability to multiply through cells Very High: due to low resource needs and high flexibility 
RESOURCES Additional Resources



Additional Resources

While any vibrant, healthy, missional church can reach people and grow disciples, congregations requiring sites, staff, and structure require significantly higher levels of investment in resources to both start and sustain over the long term than do simple/organic congregations; thus, simple/organic congregations are likely to reproduce most rapidly.